Flaxseed oil (approximately 35 %)
Protein (about 26 %)
Fiber (about 14 %)
Mucilage (about 12 %)
Flaxseed is unusual in that it has very high levels of alpha-linolenic acid, an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, similar to those most commonly found in fish oils. Research indicates that omega-3 oils have significant anti-inflammatory activity. They also help to protect the heart and circulation and to reduce heart irregularities. The seed, rather than the oil, help to lower cholesterol levels.
Ground Alsi appears to be specifically useful against endometrial, breast and prostate cancer: it is rich in omega-3 oils, which are deficient in most western diets; in lignans, which are phytoestrogenic and reduce the impact of estradiol (a potentially harmful type of oestrogen); and in mucilage and fiber, which prevent reabsorption of unwanted oestrogens from the intestines. flaxseed added to the diet lowers PSA levels (used to measure prostate cancer risk) and thus is thought to protect against prostate cancer.
- Adding flaxseed to the diet can support oestrogen balance at the menopause and reduce associated symptoms.
- Flaxseed has mostly been used as a bulk laxative, especially valuable in chronic constipation.
- A poultice of the crushed seeds or of flaxseed flour is applied to painful or tender boils and carbuncles, softening the skin and drawing out the purulent material.
- A Portuguese recipe recommends combing flaxseed oil with red wine as an effective topical remedy for wounds.
KEY PREPARATION & THEIR USES
Cracked or ground seed
Added to food